Bhutan is a small Buddhist Kingdom tucked deep in the folds of the eastern Himalayas. It is very mountainous and displays a wide variety of ecosystems and biodiversity. Only open to visitors since 1974, Bhutan is well known for its pristine and scenic environment, exquisite culture and ancient Buddhist monasteries.
The most important centres for tourism are in Bhutan's capital Thimphu, and in the western city of Paro, near India. Taktshang, a cliff side monastery (Called the "Tiger's Nest" in English) overlooking the Paro Valley, is one of the country's attractions. This temple is incredibly sacred to Buddhists. Housed inside the temple is a cave in which the Buddhist Deity who brought Buddhism to Bhutan fasted for 90 days as he battled the demons that inhabited this valley, in order to spread Buddhism. The temple has standing as a meditation space, was built in 1692 and restored after two blazes damaged it. The cave has been used since the ninth century.